Pride and Prejudice, romantic novel written by Jane Austen and published in three volumes, anonymously in 1813. It is a iconic work literary work of English literary works and written with sharp humor and a masterful character description It is a story of the growing romance with Elizabeth Bennet, the daughter of a gentleman from the country as well as Fitzwilliam Darcy an aristocratic and wealthy landowner.

 When it was first published, Pride and Prejudice was well-received by both readers and critics. The first edition was sold out in the first year and was never out of publication.Colin Firth and Jennifer Ehle in Pride and Prejudice Colin Firth and Jennifer Ehle in the TV mini-series Pride and Prejudice (1995). (c) 1995 BBC

pride and prejudice by jane austen

Characters

Pride and Prejudice is set in rural England in the middle in the 18th century and takes place within the Bennet family that includes five sisters who are very different. The oldest, Jane, is sweet-tempered and modest. Jane is Elizabeth’s sister’s close friend and confidant. Elizabeth is the protagonist of the story is smart and high-spirited.

She shares her father’s disdain for the traditional beliefs of society on the significance of rank and wealth. Mary, the third child Mary has a simple personality charming, bookish, and opulent and sexy, while Lydia and Kitty are the two smallest children, are immature and fluttery.

pride and prejudice by jane austen

Bennet, Mr. Bennet is the family patriarch. He is fond of his two eldest daughters–especially his favourite, Elizabeth–but takes a passive interest in the younger ones, ultimately failing to curb their childish instincts. A smart but quirky and sarcastic individual He doesn’t have a hankering about the rules of society and mocks the spouse’s obsession in finding the perfect husband in their daughter’s lives.

Many scholars have noted that, in reality the wife of Mrs. Bennet is rightfully concerned. Due to an issue that the family’s modest estate is set to be handed over from William Collins, Mr. Bennet’s nephew. He will be the next man to inherit. In fact it is according to Austen expert Mary Evans noted, “If Mrs. Bennett is slightly crazy, then perhaps she is so because she perceives more clearly than her husband the possible fate of her five daughters if they do not marry.”

Unfortunately Mrs. Bennet’s insanity and fervor often sabotage her interests. A woman with no sense and a lot of self-pity, she is a sultry mother to her spirited daughters.

In the course of the story The Bennet sisters meet a variety of eligible bachelors, such as Charles Bingley, Darcy, Lieutenant George Wickham, and Collins. Bingley has recently leased the Netherfield estate which is located near the Bennets house, Longbourn. 

Austen describes the man in her book as “good-looking and gentlemanlike; [having] a pleasant countenance and easy, unaffected manners.” He is a fortune-maker by his family’s passion for trading, which was viewed as a less acceptable method to acquire wealth, rather than having it inherited like his acquaintance Darcy is doing. Darcy is evidently a result of this hierarchy and believes in the inherent superiority of the rich landed the gentry. Darcy is confident however he is observant.

Darcy’s estates used to be controlled by the father of Wickham, however, the two Wickham have ceased to be friends. Wickham is charming and attractive and instantly a hit among women of the town nearby of Meryton in which the soldiers and others were stationed. 

Collins On his part appears to be “not a sensible man, and the deficiency of nature had been but little assisted by education or society.” Wickham is a clergyman , whose patron, the powerful lady Catherine de Bourgh, is Darcy’s aunt.

Other characters who are featured in the novel are Elizabeth’s her friend Charlotte Lucas, who is described as intelligent and is nearing the age at which marrying is not likely Charlotte’s parents Lady and Sir William as well as Lady Lucas Lady Lucas; Mrs. Bennet’s brother Edward Gardiner, who works in the trades, as well as his wife, who both are well-educated and generous Bingley’s sisters who are snobbish and devious Caroline or Louisa Hurst and Darcy’s 16-year-old daughter, Georgiana, who is very shy but is a good person.

Summary

The novel begins with one of the most famous lines from English literary works: “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.” The quote is akin to something Mrs. Bennet thinks as she decides to pursue the new arrival Bingley who she believes will be an ideal partner for any of her girls. In a party, Bingley takes an immediate attraction to the gorgeous and timid Jane. 

The interaction between Darcy as well as Elizabeth is more chilly. While Austen is able to show them enthralled by the other but she reverses the conventionality of first impressions. The prestige of wealth and rank and the prejudice against the social inequity of Elizabeth’s family members keep Darcy away and the pride of self-respect and the prejudice against Darcy’s arrogance keep Elizabeth as well.Greer Garson and Laurence Olivier in Pride and Prejudice Greer Garson and Laurence Olivier in Pride and Prejudice (1940) Directed and produced by Robert Z. Leonard. (c) 1940 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc.

The famous Collins is soon arriving and he hopes to get married by an or the Bennet sisters. Mrs. Bennet steers him toward Elizabeth however, she does not accept his offer for wedding. Instead, he is engaged to her best friend Charlotte. At this point, Elizabeth encounters the charming Wickham. There is a shared attraction between them, and he informs Elizabeth that Darcy has refused him the inheritance.

After Bingley abruptly leaves to London Elizabeth’s displeasure with Darcy grows as she is convinced that he’s preventing Bingley’s friendship with Jane. Darcy however has been growing more attracted to Elizabeth admiring her intelligence and energy. When visiting her now-married Charlotte, Elizabeth sees Darcy who proclaims his affection for her and makes a proposal. 

The shocked Elizabeth declines the proposal and when Darcy wants to know why and a response, she accuses him breaking between Jane as well as Bingley and of refusing to grant Wickham the inheritance he was promised by his father. Darcy then writes Elizabeth an email in which the author explains why he broke up the couple because Darcy was not convinced that Jane had returned Bingley’s love. Darcy also confesses that Wickham who had squandered his inheritance, attempted to get married to Darcy’s 15-year-old sister in order to claim her fortune. 

After these revelations, Elizabeth is beginning to view Darcy in a fresh way.

In the next few days, the youngest Bennet Sister, Lydia, elopes with Wickham. The news is received with great astonishment by Elizabeth because the scandalous affair, which is not likely to result in marriage their reputations as well as those of other Bennet sisters. After she discloses the news to Darcy the news, he convinces Wickham to get married Lydia and offers the bride cash. 

Despite Darcy’s efforts to keep his actions from being revealed, Elizabeth learns of his actions. With the help by Darcy, Bingley subsequently returns to the scene, and Bingley and Jane are engaged. In the end, Darcy proposes again to Elizabeth whom she this time agrees.

Analysis

The novel is Austen originally called The First Impressions The novel is the second novel that Austen published in her lifetime. While Pride and Prejudice has been criticised for its absence of historical contextualization (it is probably set during either its time in the French Revolution [1787-99or it was set during the Napoleonic Wars [1799-1815and 1815) and the fact that it places its characters living in the social bubble which is rarely impacted by the events that occur beyond it is a realistic portrayal of the social bubble within which Austen lived. 

Austen depicted the world with all its small-minded pride and prejudices, with uncompromising accuracy and wit. In the same way she put the reader at the center the role of its principal actor and as its most thoughtful reviewer, an character that is so perfectly conceived and executed that the reader will be captivated by the story and long for the perfect ending. 

The final outcome of Austen’s novel is still popular mostly due to Elizabeth, who was, according to Austen’s personal account, her favorite of all her heroines. It also because of the lasting attraction to both genders alike to a well-written and, if it is a happy ending, love story.Jane Austen Jane Austen. (c) North Wind Picture Archives

Films and other adaptations

Pride and Prejudice was the inspiration for a variety of film, stage, TV and stage productions. Some notable adaptations include the 1940 film starring Greer Garson in the role of Elizabeth along with Laurence Olivier as Darcy, the 1995 TV miniseries that starred Jennifer Ehle and Colin Firth as well as the 2005 film that starred Keira Knightley, Matthew Macfadyen and Keira. 

It also served as the base for an array of novels at the beginning in the twenty-first century such as the top-selling Bridget Jones’s Diary (1996) by Helen Fielding (which was followed by a series of sequels and was adapted into a cult film series from 2001 to 2016 featuring Renee Zellweger, Firth, and Hugh Grant). 

Other books that were based on the novel include Pride and Prejudice and Zombies (2009) by Seth Grahame-Smith (also adapting into a film (released in 2016)) as well as Sofia Khan Is Not Obligated (2015) from Ayisha Malik, where the 21st century Muslim woman is fascinated by her tattooed, sullen neighbor. These stories showed the universal appeal and timeless attraction to Pride and Prejudice and its themes.

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